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Mayor of Madrid
After graduating law school in 1965 from the Complutense University of Madrid, she became a defender of the workers and detainees during the dictatorship of Francisco Franco and co-founder of a labor law office where the 1977 Massacre of Atocha took place.
In 1986, she received the National Human Rights Award. She was a member of the General Council of the Judiciary, proposed by United Left, and a founder of the progressive association Judges for Democracy.
Judge of Penitentiary Vigilance and head of the Penitentiary Vigilance Court No. 1 of Madrid, she was elected senior judge of Madrid in 1993.
Retired from the judiciary since 2010, Carmena became a member of the Patronato de la Fundación Alternativas, a think tank correlated to the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE).
She ran as the candidate of the Ahora Madrid coalition in the 2015 Madrid mayoral election. On 13 June 2015, Manuela Carmena was declared Mayor of Madrid.
Madrid is the capital of Spain, and the largest municipality of the Community of Madrid. The population of the city is almost 3.2 million with a metropolitan area population of approximately 6.5 million. It is the third-largest city in the European Union, after London and Berlin, and its metropolitan area is the third-largest in the European Union after London and Paris. Located in south-western Europe, the city spans a total of 604.3 km2.